Thursday, May 31, 2018

Land Water and Countryside Landscapes in the Po River Valley

The Countryside around the Po River is now a huge expanse of fields, but once was a vast brughiera of swamps and forests. The village of Trino, at the crossroad between the old Roman military camps and the medieval towns of Milan, Turin, Vercelli and Asti, was a sacred forest called Lucedio (Lucus Dei), where the Cistercian monks settled in 1123 and built an abbey.
Near the Settlement, there is still a forest - Bosco delle Sorti della Partecipanza di Trino - managed with sustainable socio-criteria since 1202 and from 1991 a public park under FSC protection. Elsewhere in the Po Valley, the monks slowly reclaimed and brought the land under cultivation creating a new eco-environmental system, the Pianura Padana. 
In the Monferrato area by the Po river, the Pianura is an expanse of rice fields divided by canals and flooded in spring time, the so-called Terre d'Acqua, a water-land populated by many migrant animals - herons, storks, swallows. In between the fields there are many old and unique farmhouses, the so-called grange, built by the monks at a distance of half a day’s walk from each other. The reflections of sun rays and moon lights on the still water that covers the flat fields design a very particular landscape, which has been also captured by many artists. 
Experiential Tourism in Italy’s Po River Valley
with the Traveler as Protagonist
Experiences designed around multiple interests that ensure unique emotions; the traveler participates alongside local cooks, artists, craftsmen, and expert tour guides in activities:
o   rooted in the territory; it can happen only here, and
o   with uniquely local events, including food and wine tastings
o   specifically modified and tailored to your preferences  
memorable unique and unrepeatable!

Know More About It     Arezza    Knowledge Tourism
The Parco Fluviale del Po e dell’Orba is a park with conservation and environmental protection of the cultivated lands is assigned to the EcoMuseo delle Terre d’Acqua located in the Antica Riseria San Giovanni, founded in the 15th Century, which preserves the original plant and a 17th Century watermill. It also houses the Museo delle Macchine da Riso.
Palazzo Mossi (Mossi Palace) in Frassineto Po is where the Centro di Interpretazione del Paesaggio del Po shows environmental changes, the many historical, natural and geological events which over time have changed the landscape and the current configuration of the area.
Po River Tours a travel and education experience for families and groups to discover the history, traditions and cultures of this major waterway: Boat Tours; Culinary Experiences - wineries, breweries and local food; Walking, Biking, Canoeing Horseback Riding; Museums and Cultural Attractions; Accommodations and Transfers.

Your Connection to the 
Po River Valley

Destination Management Services
in Italy

Knowledge Tourism
Transit Logistics

Monday, May 28, 2018

Innovative Water Conservation and Energy Efficiency Strategies on Main Street

Business and Commercial Districts Historic Towns and Neighborhoods
Integrated Water Systems in Small Towns and Rural Communities by 2030 the world will need to produce 50 percent more for food and energy and 30 percent more fresh water. Solar pumps are reliable technology which can compete with conventional pumping technologies such as diesel pumping. Large amounts of energy are used in the entire water cycle. Water Pumps play a major role in all water and waste water processes.
Small and Medium-sized Commercial Buildings account for 95 percent of building stock and consume half the energy in a sector of the economy responsible for 20 percent of the total energy consumption. Owners of smaller buildings are often unaware of the amount of energy wasted and the opportunity for savings that building automation systems provide. This sector hasn’t BAS for the following reasons: the high cost of tailoring software and acquiring hardware components is beyond the reach of most small- and medium-sized properties; the owner is not always the tenant that pays the utility bill, hence limited incentive to invest in the building’s energy efficiency.
Building Leases spell out how energy costs are divided between tenants and owners. Often, these leases are not structured in a way that promotes energy savings. Tenants have no incentive to save energy in their leased premises because energy costs are based on tenant square footage. Building owners have no incentive to invest in energy efficiency because the operating expenses are passed onto tenants. Green Leases promote energy efficiency by creating lease structures which equitably align the costs and benefits of efficiency investments between building owners and tenants.
Energy Management Systems can be used to centrally control devices like HVAC units and lighting systems across multiple locations. EMS also provide metering, sub-metering and monitoring functions that allow facility managers to gather data and insight to make more informed decisions about energy activities across their sites.

LEED Neighborhood Development building technologies and advanced real-time energy smart meters allow business and residential energy users to verify consumption in workplaces and homes. Passive Solar Buildings take advantage of the local climate with window placement and glazing, thermal mass, insulation and shading. Walls, floors and windows are designed and located to collect, store and distribute energy without the use of mechanical and electric devices. Conservation and efficiency are energy reduction techniques; conservation implies sufficiency and is the key to sustainability as it lowers energy costs by reducing resource depletion.
Digital Metering and Smart Grids smart meters enable two-way communication between the meter and the central system; unlike home energy monitors, smart meters can gather data for remote reporting. With the inception of electricity deregulation and market-driven pricing, utilities have been looking for a means to match consumption with generation. Smart meters provide a way of measuring site-specific information, allowing utility companies to introduce different prices for consumption based on the time of day and the season.
Sub-meters identify best practices to reduce energy and water consumption in a building allowing owners, property managers, condominium or homeowners associations to bill tenants for measured utility usage via individual water, gas and electric meters. Water Sub-meters promote conservation and help offset maintenance costs.
Distributed Generation occurs on a property site when energy is sold to the building occupants; here, commercial PPAs enable businesses and governments to purchase electricity directly from the generator rather than from the utility. Power Purchase Agreements PPA is a legal contract between an electricity generator and a power purchaser. 

Financing Energy Efficiency Projects face several financial impediments, including information. Financial institutions often lack a full understanding of energy efficiency technologies which are almost always investments with long repayment terms. Small towns and rural communities require specific and unique knowledge, expertise and funding sources.

 Innovative Water Resources and Energy Savings Strategies

To Know More About It    

Sunday, May 20, 2018

North and South of Naples Italy

Royal and Cultural Capitals Archeology Parks and Museums Caves and Volcanoes

Campania the ancient Romans called this region of Italy Campania Felix. Baia, Puteoli, Pompeii, Stabia and Capri were their favorite destinations. Then and now, Happy Campania is famed for its ancient ruins, coastal resorts and world renowned culinary traditions. A cultural and national capital for much of its nearly three thousand year history, Naples is home to art museums, the San Carlo opera house and a spectacular bay framed by Mt. Vesuvius, affectionately and fearfully referred to by the local inhabitants as The Monster.

Royal and Cultural Capitals

Caserta is best known for its 18th century royal palace and gardens and the medieval borgo of Caserta Vecchia. Equally and historically important are the San Leucio silk works, a Unesco site,  and the Living Silk Museum with its original looms and machinery showing all the phases of silk productions.

Naples is best defined by the stratification of the various periods in the city’s history that can be viewed in the historic center, the oldest continuously inhabited urban community in the Western World. It corresponds to the ancient city founded by the Athenians around 450 B.C. as Neapolis, through Roman and Medieval times. It includes over 250 churches, palazzi from the 13th through the 20th century and countless art treasures.

Your exploration starts from the Forum, then under the Gothic Church of San Lorenzo Maggiore to view the ruins of the Roman streets and the Macellum, the food market. Then on to San Gregorio Armeno, where the world famous Neapolitan Crib art are made, and the Cappella Sansevero and the sculpture of the Veiled Christ. A few square miles with three castles, a royal palace, world class museums, the world’s second oldest university and bank. Also, an underground city with ancient aqueducts, caves, catacombs, myths, legends and a modern subway system whose stations are covered with art.

Salerno is renowned for its medieval historic center and the world’s first medical school. Under the rule of the Sanseverino family, it became a center of learning, culture and the arts. The city was also briefly the capital of Italy in 1943, following the Allied invasion of southern Italy.  Benevento occupies the site of the ancient Maleventum, the site of bad events, and a major defeat by the Roman army. It was supposedly founded by Diomedes after the Trojan War. Santa Sofia Church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, part of a group of seven historic buildings dating from the Longobard era – 558 to 774 ad. The historic center is an open air museum.

Experiential Tourism in Naples Italy with the Traveler as Protagonist
Experiences designed around multiple interests that ensure unique emotions; the traveler participates alongside local cooks, artists, craftsmen, and expert tour guides in activities:
o   rooted in the territory; it can happen only here, and
o   with uniquely local events, including food and wine tastings
o   specifically modified and tailored to your preferences  
memorable unique and unrepeatable!
Know More About It     Arezza    Knowledge Tourism
Archeological Parks and Museums
South of Naples the road and railway along the slopes of Mount Vesuvius that connects Naples with the Sorrento Peninsula and the Amalfi Coast is known as the Golden Mile and is replete with archeological parks and museums. Pompeii’s excavations, begun in the 18th century, are still being carried out today. Strolling through some of the ancient streets, you can see baths, forums and villas built by the prosperous Romans in what was the empire’s second most important city. 

Poppea’s imperial villa in Oplonti features magnificent wall decorations and Stabia was home to luxury villas. The Boscoreale Museum is dedicated to Roman era daily life, including the excavation of a suburban factory. Also, the MAV - virtual archeological museum – with 3D videos of the Vesuvius eruption.

North of Naples the bays of Miseno, Baia and Pozzuoli were the home port of the Roman Navy, Baia’s Imperial Palace featured baths with waters of volcanic origin and the Flaegrean Fields Archeological Musem includes finds from Baia’s submerged city. In Pozzuoli, the Temple of Serapide, is famous for the cyclical sinking of its grounds and the Flavian Amphitheater was the third largest arena of the empire.

In Naples, the Botanical Gardens feature Living Roman Plants and seeds to bring back Pompeii’s plants. Charles of Bourbon put the largest art collection in Italy, the Farnese collection inherited by his mother Elisabeth, into the National Archeological Museum. Over the years, the largest archaeological collection of all time, relics from Pompeii and the villas buried under the ashes of Vesuvius in 79 BC, were brought here, including mosaics, paintings and jewelry.

The Cilento Coast is littered with hilltop medieval villages, olive groves and spectacular beaches. Paestum’s Museum and Archeological Park is a Unesco site and the heart of Magna Grecia. Further south, Velia and its famed pink door.

Caves and Volcanoes
Vesuvius itineraries feature a walking tour of the volcano’s crater, with a spectacular bird’s eye view of Naples bay, with a focus on the volcano’s last eruption in 1944 and night tours with electric torches. Choose between the Valley of Hell trail or a shorter and easier lava trail.
Solfatara is located in a park near Pozzuoli and features boiling mud lakes and fumarole.
Pertosa Grottoes a fascinating cave complex; you enter the grottoes with a boat.
Castelcivita Grottoes a surreal and geogolically active underground excursion.
Amalfi Windmill Valley the medieval maritime superpower’s paper mills powered by windmills.

Solfatara Geo Lab interactive, multimedia geophysics and volcanology labs with the following programs: Vesuvius eruptions; shake like a leaf; yesterday, today and tomorrow; Flegrean Fields; a super volcano at Naples’ doorstep.
Portici Botanic Lab a unique educational workshop in the Portici Royal Palace; small plants kits are issued to children to transform their schools’ window sills and flower beds into mini botanic gardens.
Castelcivita Speleo Lab workshop and tour of Caving equipment and techniques, Carsius caves characteristics and Castlecivita Neanderthal.
Vesuvius Minerological Lab workshop, walking tour and souvenir mineral kit.
ENEA Research Center solar energy and environmental technology applications at Italy’s energy and Environment Institute.
Eolic Park San Marco dei Cavoti historic center tour and visit to one of Italy’s most important wind energy parks.
Food Traditions
Educational Workshops carried out by local small businesses specializing in the culinary traditions of Campania region includes: warm bread covered with hazelnut cream, mozzarella, black pig salame and cheese filled panini and panuozzo. The workshops follow five themes: the five senses of food; food chemistry and fraud; Campania and international recipes; insects and bio-agriculture; digesting food; fruits and vegetables.

Making Pasta in Gragnano, a town nestled between Pompeii and the Sorrento peninsula, it’s an ancient art form that involves history, culture, patience, secrets and traditions. The town’s main street was laid out to capture the mountain breeze mixed with sea air back when pasta makers hung spaghetti on drying rods. Today, it is dried with heaters at 122F for two days.
Making Pizza in a workshop by the slopes of the Vesuvius; practical and food tasting experience.

Theatre and the Divine Comedy

Hell Dante’s Inferno portrayed in the Castelcivita Caves; an underground itinerary filled with music, lights, multimedia reconstructions and 30 actors that bring alive Italy’s literary masterpiece.
Purgatory the journey continues in the gardens of the Padula Chartreuse where you meet Catone Uticense, Purgatory’s keeper.

Paradise the performance concludes in the enchanting settings of Salerno’s Arechi Castle and the Amalfi Coast, guided by Dante in person!